The Adelphi takes its name from the 18th century development of residential terraces by the Adam brothers and is located immediately to the south of The Strand. The southern boundary of the conservation area is the former shoreline of the Thames. The oldest surviving building, the Water Gate (1626), is a remnant of an earlier phase of development, being the formal river entrance to York House. Having been continuously occupied for more than a thousand years, the area is rich in archaeology.
The conservation area is characterised by the surviving grid pattern of its formal layout within which two distinct areas are evident today. The earlier developed on the site of York House in the 1670s (Buckingham Street/ YorkBuildings/ Villiers Street) and the second phase to the east developed by the Adam brothers in the 1770s. In contrast, though following the street pattern of Adam's scheme, is the 1930s Art Deco Adelphi, a prominent feature on the riverside.
The Conservation Area was designated in March 1981.
|Publications and Documents:|
|Adelphi Conservation Area Audit SPG|
|Adelphi Conservation Area Map|
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